While instructors conduct aviation simulation exercises, they can also miss a good portion of it. Occupied by a variety of tasks, they may not know how trainees are performing until well after the event has concluded.
If pilots rely on dashboards for real-time visibility into flight status, shouldn’t instructors managing simulations have a tool to monitor and measure trainee performance during those events to maximize their teaching value?
To address that gap, Aptima is developing ORCID – the Optimized Real-time Complex Information Display that collects, analyzes, and displays simulator data in real time. Funded by the Naval Air Systems Command, ORCID provides instructors with key insights on trainee performance and their learning objectives during the exercise. Aptima, which applies expertise in how humans learn, perform and behave, is developing ORCID in partnership with the University of Iowa’s Operator Performance Laboratory through a Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) contract.
Currently, the Navy has no fielded solution that displays trainee performance assessments in real-time for Distributed Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) exercises, such as Fleet Synthetic Training. The current method for an instructor to assess trainee performance during simulation requires manually calculating various assessments in their head, while taking hand-written notes.
ORCID automates the performance measurement process, giving instructors at-a-glance real-time diagnostic measures from which they can teach during the exercise to improve training.
“Simulators capture an abundance of raw data that goes largely unused until the after action review, when the context of the live event has been lost. By gaining insights as the exercise is occurring, instructors can teach trainees in key moments when performance may be dropping,” said Matt Roberts, Aptima’s Director of Product Engineering and ORCID Principal Investigator. “Just as pilots rely on dashboards for navigation, ORCID’s intelligent displays can give instructors the immediate feedback to better to guide trainee learning and direct the training mission for their objectives.”
ORCID in Action
Aptima has developed a functional prototype of ORCID for the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), for use with the MH-60 Romeo simulator platform. In a sub-hunting exercise, for example, where trainees must locate and prosecute submarines using sonar sensors and torpedoes, the instructor may need to assess the trainee’s competence on criteria such as coordination and communication with ground control and other assets.
While the instructor is involved in role-playing and managing the synthetic entities, ORCID’s NASMP-compliant technology is ingesting the raw simulation data that’s being generated, its algorithms analyzing and assessing the individual and crew level performance.
Those measures are fed into a display on the instructor’s workstation, where red-green-orange color-coded blips on the scenario timeline, for example, give the instructor at-a-glance cues and alerts on the trainee’s performance. Using that feedback, instructors can then can deliver in-the-moment teaching, or adjust the scenario on the fly if it’s deviating from established learning objectives. In addition, ORCID’s geographic map displays provide overall situational awareness for the numerous components and participants in a distributed LVC exercise.
ORCID’s measures and timeline can also be used in after-action-reviews, allowing drill down to specific measures from the exercise, and synced to the replay.
Source: Aptima, Inc.
Date: Jun 2, 2014