Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) has completed a feasibility study for a new commercial lunar lander for the Golden Spike Company (GSC). The study confirmed the viability of lander concepts for Golden Spike's human lunar expedition architecture and conceived a novel new, low-mass ascent stage concept dubbed "Pumpkin."
A photo accompanying this release is available at http://media.globenewswire.com/noc/mediagallery.html?pkgid=18584.
Northrop Grumman's study for Golden Spike conducted the following tasks:
The study determined that for GSC's mission architecture, there are many more options for all cryogenic propellants compared with storable propellants, but that multiple storable propellant options are possible. Cryogenic propellants have higher performance, but are more difficult to contain for the GSC mission duration than storable propellants such as those used in the Apollo program.
A novel set of options using a minimalist pressurized ascent pod and descent stage with a surface habitat was also studied and shown to be viable. Layout sketches of this concept show that it can be packaged within a five-meter diameter fairing payload envelope.
Three-dimensional solid models with representative crew members established target pressurized volumes for the ascent pod and surface habitat. This unique approach has a good chance of meeting GSC's objectives with all-storable propellants, which reduces development risks and costs.
Martin McLaughlin, Northrop Grumman's study lead, said, "This concept has significant operability advantages for surface exploration since the surface habitat can be segmented to isolate lunar dust and provides more space for living and for selecting the most valuable lunar return samples. We affectionately call the minimalist ascent pod 'Pumpkin' because of its spherical shape and because it returns the crew to orbit after the surface exploration party."
Alan Stern, president and chief executive officer, GSC, said, "Northrop Grumman has done an exemplary job and helped advance Golden Spike's technical approach to renewed human lunar exploration. The study's results are very exciting and will help enable a new wave of human lunar exploration that Golden Spike plans."
Northrop Grumman and its legacy companies – Grumman Aerospace and TRW -- designed and built the Apollo Lunar Module and Lunar Module Descent Engines.
Source: Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC)
Date: May 10, 2013